What happens during a basic hearing test? 

You will be seated in a soundproof booth, and single-use foam earphones will be inserted into your ear canals.

One of our audiologists will ask you to push a button or raise your hand when you can barely hear a series of beeps (tones) presented at various frequencies (pitches).

We will then record the softest beep that you heard reliably—meaning you heard it at least 2 to 3 times. 

To determine whether your hearing loss is the result of a mechanical issue (conductive hearing loss), sensorineural hearing loss, or a combination of the two, we perform a bone conduction test.

For this test, we fit you with a headband that goes behind one of the ears.

This process provides a different form of sound transmission using vibration, which bypasses the eardrum and the middle ear bones in a direct path to the auditory nerve.

When you hear the beeps/tones, you will push a button or raise your hand. 

What Percentage of Hearing Loss Do I Have? 

Hearing isn’t normal vs. abnormal, and there isn’t a set percentage of hearing loss.

There is a spectrum from mild to profound hearing loss. The guidelines for what constitutes normal hearing are the same for people 25 to 85 years old, with more strict guidelines for pediatric patients.

Mild hearing loss is from 25 to 39 dB, moderate hearing loss is from 40-59 dB, severe hearing loss is from 60-89 dB, and profound hearing loss is 90+ dB.

Sometimes with profound hearing loss, the patient is unable to hear the sound no matter how loud it gets. 


Conductive vs. Sensorineural Hearing Loss 

If bone conduction thresholds (using the headband) are in the normal range and are significantly better than air conduction thresholds (through the foam inserts), you have conductive hearing loss, a problem with the mechanical (moving parts) structures of the ears.   

If bone and air conduction thresholds are in the hearing loss range and they match, you have a sensorineural hearing loss, which indicates a problem in the cochlea (organ of hearing), auditory nerve, or up the auditory pathway in the brain.  

If bone conduction thresholds are in the hearing loss range but are still significantly better than air conduction thresholds, you have a mixed hearing loss, which is a combination of conductive and sensorineural hearing loss.

Shape of Hearing Loss  

An audiogram is organized by both pitch (Hz) and loudness (dB).

Low-frequency sounds (such as bass tones and vowels) are on the left side of the graph, and high-frequency sounds (such as treble tones and most consonants) are on the right side of the graph. 

Rarely is hearing loss exactly the same across the frequency spectrum; the shape of the graph will look slightly different for everyone.

However, hearing loss does seem to follow a distinctive pattern for both men and women.

The most common shape of hearing loss that we see in men is high-frequency hearing loss; a common observation when someone has a high-frequency loss is “I can hear, but I can’t understand” or “People sound like they’re mumbling even when they’re not.”

For women, the most common configuration of hearing loss is a flat hearing loss; for this shape of hearing loss, both speech loudness and clarity are an issue.  

The least common shape is a low frequency ascending hearing loss—this occurs less than 1% of the time.

This loss can be caused by many things, including autoimmune ear disorders and a high risk of poor cardiovascular health. 

Audiogram showing results at different levels of frequency and dB

Now let’s take a look at this audiogram. It’s color-coded red and blue—red O’s for right and blue X’s for left.

Each X or O marks an air conduction threshold, which is how your hearing loss is plotted.

The thresholds shown are very similar between the ears, which means we know that the hearing loss is symmetrical.  

The label on the left side of the graph shows the hearing level in decibels (dB HL). This is what the loudness of the sound is measured in.

Looking at the bottom of the graph, you can see the frequencies measured in Hz. The high pitches (frequencies) can be found toward the right side of the graph, while the low pitches can be found toward the left side.

The test results recorded on this graph depict low pitches being in the normal range and high pitches in the moderate hearing loss range. 

The red arrows are the bone-conduction thresholds. Since the bone conduction and air conduction results are almost the same on this audiogram, the hearing loss is defined as sensorineural.  

All of this put together is interpreted as a symmetrical mild to moderate high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss.

This type and severity of hearing loss would be treated by amplification and auditory rehabilitation—hearing aids!

Basic hearing test help written on a banner

Why is a basic hearing test important?  

There are some hearing test results that can indicate we should refer you to an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) physician for further evaluation and possible medical treatment.

For example, a conductive or mixed hearing loss is often a medically treatable condition where you may recover some if not all of your hearing. 

We would always recommend referral to an ENT for things like sudden onset hearing loss, unilateral hearing loss within the last 90 days, a significant asymmetry in hearing, or sudden fluctuation in hearing ability. 

Young patient sitting in a soundproof booth during hearing test with specialist on the other side

While the basic hearing test is very helpful when it comes to ruling out the medical causes of hearing loss, it’s just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to treating communication issues.

That is why we always suggest a Functional Hearing Assessment as part of our Connect 365 Treatment Plan. 

If you would like to schedule a Connect 365 Functional Hearing Assessment, please call us at 256-319-4327 or submit a contact request, and one of our helpful team members will call you back shortly. 

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Dr. Jan Liles

Dr. Liles earned her bachelor’s degree from the University of Montevallo and her master’s degree from the University of Alabama. From 1991 to 2001, she worked with two ENT medical practices and initiated one of the first newborn hearing screening programs in the state. In 2002, she was awarded a doctorate in audiology from the University of Florida. Dr. Liles and her longtime best friend, Dr. Sheehy, founded Alabama Hearing Associates in January 2002.
    Real World Adjustments

    Your hearing loss didn't occur overnight, so it will take some time to adjust to the hearing aids. Your patience and persistence will be well worth it.

    Choose Your Level of Technology

    Assessing Outcomes

    To ensure the most success with your hearing devices, we measure the benefits of amplification at the end of your adjustment period—some of the surveys and tests included in the “Connect 365” Functional Hearing Assessment will be repeated to evaluate progress, quality of life, and patient satisfaction with the hearing aids. 

    Wireless Connections

    Most hearing aids automatically come with wireless streaming from smartphones and it has been a lifesaver for those that are working remotely and spending hours on teleconferences. As for other wireless accessories, the two most popular solutions are a small microphone used in less-than-ideal listening environments and a TV streamer that streams the TV’s sound directly into your ears—which can be a lifesaver when watching British TV shows or during football season. If your audiologist believes they would be beneficial for you, they will discuss your options and demonstrate the device in the office.

    Orientation, Counseling, and Follow-up

    Dr. Cliff (the creator of the Best Practice Pro Network) said it best:

    “Having a detailed orientation can dramatically improve how much success you have with hearing treatment.  Counseling & Follow-up care can also ensure that you have success for years to come.  Regular visits to a hearing care provider who spends the time to discuss treatment related information and who will maintain your devices is extremely important.”

    During the orientation, your provider will give you the tools you need to be a successful hearing aid user. Everyone has different learning styles and we want to make sure whatever works best for you is what’s used. After the 75 day adjustment period, routine checkups are necessary to maintain the hearing aids and to ensure optimal hearing healthcare. 

    What Is Real-Ear Measurement?

    Real-ear measurement (REM) is how an audiologist knows that hearing aids are working the way they should in each patient’s ears.

    Ears are as unique as a fingerprint. Because of this, every ear will collect sounds differently.

    Even if I had two patients with the exact same hearing loss and hearing aids, there’s almost no chance the hearing aids would be programmed the same way.

    How do I know my new hearing aids are working properly?

    Without verifying that the hearing aid is working correctly from the start, all of the other steps in the hearing aid fitting process are useless. The most sensitive quality control measure is something called Electroacoustic Analysis. We complete EAA on every new set of hearing aids, before delivery of repaired devices, and on an annual basis.

    Prescription Hearing Technology with a Methodical Plan

    Our community understands better than most what can be achieved when you combine technology with human intelligence and persistence. It is much the same with hearing technology.

    The latest prescription hearing aid technology is incredibly powerful, offering stellar sound quality and performance. Wireless connections allow phone calls, music and television to stream directly to your hearing aids for exceptional clarity.

    But hearing aids do not fit and program themselves! For best outcomes, you also need the human touch and expertise provided by our Doctors of Audiology.

    A Comprehensive12-Step Functional Hearing Assessment

    If you struggle to understand conversations in social situations, restaurants, or other noisy environments, you do not need to schedule a basic hearing test. You certainly don’t need to schedule a “free” hearing screening or online hearing test.

    You need to schedule a “Connect 365” Functional Hearing Assessment at Alabama Hearing Associates!

    Schedule Appointment



    Comprehensive 5-Year treatment plan with premium prescription hearing aid technology

    If you want premium “out of this world” technology and the highest level of service and expert support, our All-Inclusive treatment plan is the right investment for you.

    The All-Inclusive treatment plan offers long-term value for your on-the-go lifestyle, providing everything you need to connect with family and friends for years to come.


    • Stellar  prescription hearing devices from top manufacturer (rechargeable option available)

    • Wireless accessory included at no charge

    • Comprehensive Annual Visit including hearing assessment, hearing device adjustment, and 19-Point preventative maintenance valutaion

    • Bi-annual hearing aid software update and reprogramming

    • Same day diagnosis and in-office repair during weekdays for devices dropped off before 3:00 p.m.

    • 5-Year full-service repair warranty

    • Unlimited remote hearing aid adjustments

    • 100% moisture removal by Redux and cleaning

    • Hearing aid supplies (stock receivers, batteries, domes and filters)

    • $1000 contribution towards purchase of upgraded technology within 48 months

    • 3-Year replacement warranty for loss or damage (no deductible)

    • Dedicated team of hearing care experts at your service

    • Unlimited teleaudiology appointments

    • Access to our “speed of light” repair specialists

    Basic Hearing Test

    A basic hearing test begins with an air conduction test. You will be seated in a soundproof booth and single-use, foam earphones will be inserted into your ear canals. The Audiologist will ask you to push a button or raise your hand when you barely hear a series of beeps (tones) presented at various frequencies (pitches) to obtain your air conduction thresholds.

    To determine whether your hearing loss is a conductive (mechanical) loss, sensorineural (permanent) loss or combination of the two, we perform a bone conduction test.  

    For this test, a head band is place on the bone behind one of the ears to obtain your bone conduction thresholds. This process provides a different form of sound transmission using vibration, which bypasses the eardrum and the middle ear bones and directly stimulates the auditory nerve. When you hear the beeps/tones, you will push a button or raise your hand.

    If bone conduction thresholds are better than air conduction thresholds (through the foam inserts), you have a conductive hearing loss. This suggests a problem with the mechanical structures (moving parts) of the ears.

    Conductive hearing loss is often a medically treatable condition for which we will provide you with a referral to an Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) physician. However, if bone and air conduction thresholds match, it indicates a sensorineural hearing loss (permanent), and the treatment will likely involve hearing aids.